There are two types of CIWS systems. A gun-based CIWS usually consists of a combination of radars, computers, and rapid-firing multiple-barrel rotary cannons placed on a rotating turret. Missile-based CIWSs use either infra-red, passive radar/ESM, or semi-active radar terminal guidance to guide missiles to the targeted enemy aircraft or other threats. Top 10 Close In Weapon Systems In The World
In some cases, CIWS are used on land to protect military bases. In this case, the CIWS can also protect the base from shell and rocket fire. A gun-based CIWS usually consists of a combination of radars, computers, and rotary or revolver cannon placed on a rotating automatically aimed gun mount. Examples of gun-based CIWS products in operation are:
- Sea Zenith
- Type 730
Top 10 Close In Weapon Systems In The World
In summary, a close-in weapon system, or CIWS, is a point-defense weapon system that detects and destroys incoming short-range missiles and enemy aircraft that have penetrated the outer defences.
It is normally deployed aboard in a naval capacity, and these devices are installed on practically all classes of bigger modern warships. CIWSW is also employed on land to protect military locations, and in today’s post, we will rank them based on the rate of firing.
1. Rheinmetall Oerlikon Millennium Gun (CIWS System )
originated in the country of Switzerland In an anti-surface function, the millenium gun is a rapid and powerful effector, while in an anti-air role, it is controlled by an external fire control system utilising either radar or electro-optical trackers.
The millenium gun can combat a wide range of air threats, from anti-ship missiles with a small radar cross-section to quick assault aircraft and helicopters. The millennium gun can also combat low-speed, small-scale air threats posed by unmanned aerial vehicles, with a range of up to 5000 metres and a rate of 1,000 rounds per minute.
2.Denel 35 millimeter dual-purpose gun (CIWS System )
The 35 DPG is a South African-built close weapon system that is currently in service on the South African navy’s valor-class frigates. Its primary duty is to defend against attack by helicopters, fixed-wing aircraft, and missiles.
It also has a secondary role in symmetrical and asymmetrical warfare against surface vessels and shore targets, as well as in law enforcement where accuracy is critical because collateral damage is unacceptable. The effective firing range is around 4,000 meters, and the rate of fire from each barrel is 550.
3. Meroka (CIWS System )
The MEROKA CIWS is a Spanish naval 12 barrel 20 millimeters early can gun deployed in two rows of six guns each. Its main function is to defend against anti-ship missiles and other precision-guided weapons.
It can, however, be used against fixed or rotary-wing aircraft, ships, and other small craft along the coast, as well as floating mines. Although the system’s range is described as 1.5 to 2 kilometers, the effective range is only 0.5 kilometers.
4. Sea Zenith (CIWS System )
The Turkish military uses the Sea Zenith, a four-barrel 25-millimeter CIWS, on their Mako 200 frigates. A single-barreled automated cannon fires 800 rounds per minute.
The Sea Zenith is a remote-controlled gun mount with a characteristic lean backy shape. Its primary purpose is to defend against anti-ship missiles and other precision-guided weapons, but it may also be used to defend against fixed and rotary-wing aircraft, small craft, and floating mines.
5. AK-630 (CIWS System )
The AK-630 is a fully automatic naval closing weapon system developed by the Soviet Union and Russia. It is based on a 6-barrel 30-millimeter rotary gun. 6 denotes six barrels, while 30 denotes thirty millimeters.
The system’s primary mission is to defend against anti-ship missiles and other precision-guided weapons, although it can also be used to defend against fixed or rotary-wing aircraft, small boats, and coastal targets, as well as floating mines.
6. Goalkeeper (CIWS System )
The goalie is a close-in weapon system invented by the Dutch in 1979. Once engaged, this is an autonomous and fully automatic armament system for short-range ship defence against highly agile missiles, planes, and fast-moving surface boats.
The system performs the full air defence process automatically, from observation and detection to destruction, including the selection of the next priority target. Its effective range is up to 2000 metres, and it fires at a rate of roughly 70 rounds per second or 4,200 rounds per minute.
7. Phalanx (CIWS System )
The Phalanx CIWS and American closing weapons system are radar-guided 20-millimeter Vulcan cannons installed on a swivelling base for protection against approaching threats like as small boats, surface torpedoes, anti-ship missiles, and helicopters. The US Navy and the naval forces of 15 other countries have taken advantage of the flaws.
It is a six-barreled cannon with an effective range of up to 1500 metres and a rate of fire of roughly 70 rounds per minute or 4,500 rounds per minute that the US navy deploys on practically all classes of surface combat ships today.
8. Type 730 or 1130 (CIWS System )
The Chinese aircraft carrier Liaoning has a Type 730 seven-barrel 30 mm Gatling gun CIWS located in an enclosed automatic turret and commanded by radar and electro-optical tracking systems.
The new type 1130 looks to be an upgrade of type 730 and is armed with a new 11 barreled gun with an improved rate of fire rumors suggested it could fire 10,000 rounds per minute. It is thought to operate indigenous radar and optical systems.
9. cortege or kashtan (CIWS System )
The cortege is a modern naval air defense cannon missile system used by the Russian military. Its export version is known as the kashtan, and it may be found on the Russian aircraft carrier Admiral Kuznetsov Kirov class battlecruiser and the Russian frigate Nutrition class.
Navy destroyers of the People’s Liberation Army and other modern designs The system can be used against fixed or rotary-wing aircraft, as well as surface vessels such as rapid assault boats or targets on land. It has a firing range of up to 4,000 meters and a rate of fire of nine to ten thousand rounds per minute.
10. Pantsir-M (CIWS System )
Pantsir-M is a Russian naval anti-air gun or missile system that entered service in 2018. It is jamming resistant. The panzer m close-in weapon systems are being installed on Russia’s sole aircraft carrier.
Following a fire a year ago, the Admiral Kuznetsov is presently being repaired and upgraded. The panzer m is armed with the naval variant of the panzer missiles and Hermes k missiles, as well as a friend or foe recognition system. Its secondary armament consists of two six-barreled rotary cannons, similar to those found on the USS Enterprise.
The kashtan m panzer m is fully automated and capable of engaging up to four targets at once at a range of up to 20 kilometers. It can also be used as a battery of up to four modules. The panzer m is capable of intercepting sea-skimming missiles as low as 2 meters above the surface.
According to experts, if a target is not sufficiently destroyed by a panzer’s missile bombardment, it can automatically turn its cannons onto it. The destructive capability of the panzer m variant is three to four times that of the kashtan m variant.
Fact & Thoughts:
- Small boats, surface torpedoes, anti-ship missiles, and helicopters are all threats that the Phalanx CIWS is designed to defend against. The General Dynamics Corporation, Pomona Division, subsequently a part of Raytheon, created and developed it. On the HMS Queen Elizabeth-class aircraft carriers, the Phalanx CIWS is fitted with a 20mm Vulcan cannon.🇬🇧
- An old method of looking at it is in terms of the rate of fire. A modern CIWS system does not shoot at its target directly. The Millenium gun fires AHEAD ammo, which spreads a cloud of 152 Wolfram bullets for every round fired. You should also consider the gun’s accuracy. A revolver’s kinetic energy is also higher than that of a Gatling gun.
- The China model on Liao Ning named H/PJ-11 or abbreviated 1130 (730 or H/PJ-12 was the original CIWS config), has a top fire rating of 11000rpm or normal 166p/s, and it has the top fire rating of 11000rpm or normal 166p/s. It has the ability to latch on to 40 targets at once. If all of the other CIWS data were correct, China’s CIWS would be on par with Russia’s.
- The ones from Russia are fantastic. However, their fire rate is determined by the fact that they have two gun units. With a fire rate of 10k per minute, the Chinese 1130 (into service in 2015) boasts the greatest single gun unit firing rate. In addition, China is now testing a monster 20 barrel 30mm type 2030. (a 15k-20k firing rate). It will also be installed on the new 003 supercarriers.
( BBC )